Aortic Stenosis: Signs, Cause and Treatment

Aortic stenosis or aortic valve stenosis is a medical condition characterized by a narrowing of the aortic heart valve. This narrowing interferes with the normal functioning of the aortic valve, preventing it from opening fully. If the aortic valve is not functioning correctly, then the blood flow will be reduced or blocked from the heart and to the aorta and the rest of the body. Aorta is the main blood vessel in the human body. If aortic stenosis occurs, the heart needs to work harder in order to pump up the blood. Eventually, this will limit the amount of blood the heart is able to pump, leading to the presence of various signs and symptoms, weakening the heart muscle as well.

Aortic Stenosis Symptoms

Symptoms don’t occur always. In many cases, people with aortic stenosis experience no signs and symptoms at all until the normal blood flow is significantly reduced. Common symptoms include:

Signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis in babies and children include:

When diagnosed and treated on time, the signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis can reverse or the progression of the disease can be slowed down.

You should seek immediate medical help if you notice any of theseaortic stenosis symptoms:

What Causes Aortic Stenosis?

A normal functioning of the aortic valve can get impaired because of genetics or other health problems.

Babies can be born with an aortic valve stenosis. In such cases, the valve leaflets are formed irregularly. All the valve leaflets can miss, they do not separate properly or the leaflets are too thick to open or close completely and normally as they should.

Rheumatic fever is the most common health condition which can lead to heart valve problems, including aortic valve stenosis. It can affect not only the heart but other parts of the body as well, such as the joints, the skin or the brain. Rheumatic fever is caused by an infection with Streptococcus bacteria, usually occurring in children and adults after having had a strep throat.

Valve calcifications are another cause of aortic valve stenosis, leading to the presence of aortic stenosis symptoms. This usually affects adults after the age of 60 years old. However, the first signs and symptoms are experienced only after the age of 70 or 80 years old. Valve calcifications result from calcium deposits on the valve leaflets, preventing it from functioning normally.

Who Is at Risk for Aortic Valve Stenosis?

Certain people have an increased risk for aortic valve stenosis. Risk factors include:

Aortic Stenosis Treatment


Certain medications can help deal with the aortic stenosis symptoms. Commonly prescribed medications are ACE-inhibitors or diuretics.

Surgical Treatment

Surgical treatment is often recommended in cases of aortic valve stenosis. There are a few surgical options available, such as:

Lifestyle Changes

Changing your lifestyle is an important part of the treatment of aortic valve stenosis. Here are some tips that can be very beneficial for you:

Take Care of Yourself

Taking a good care of yourself is very important as well. Here are some tips that can help you live normally even when diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis:

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