Travelers' diarrhea is a disorder of the digestive track that causes loose bowel movements. If you are vacationing to a spot with a different climate or sanitary conditions, you have a greater risk of developing it. It usually begins suddenly during a trip or when you just get home. Its cause is food or water that has been contaminated. It is not generally serious, though it can be very miserable.
Travelers'diarrhea usually happens suddenly when travelling or when you have just returned home. It generally clears up within a couple of days, but can take as long as a week or so. There are some who will have more than one or two episodes of travelers' diarrhea during a single trip.
Common symptoms or signs:
There are some people who will have mild to severe dehydration, severe vomiting, high fever, blood in their stools, stomach and rectum pain. If you or your family have these troubles and have symptoms for longer than just a few days, you should see your physician.
When to See a Doctor
If your travelers' diarrhea after returning home doesn’t go away in a few days or symptoms become more severe you may have a problem that isn’t common bacteria. Your doctor may need to prescribe you medication to resolve it. If you have a fever, dehydration, vomiting or bloody stools, see your doctor’s help. If you are still abroad, your embassy may help you find a doctor that speaks your language. Be extra careful with children as they can get dehydrated much faster. Call your doctor if your child has:
When you eat food or drink water that has certain microbes or poisons, you can end up falling victim to travelers' diarrhea. Some germs that can cause it include:
There are many times the cause is not found, in in some cases no microbe is found despite testing.
Travelers' diarrhea is most often found when people are coming from a developed country to one that isn’t as developed. This is generally when sanitation and hygiene isn’t up to standard and it may affect from two to six percent of travelers. Different areas pose different risks, for instance:
There are occasions when outbreaks will happen to travelers staying in a hotel or on a cruise ship. Those who are in remote areas may have more trouble as well. Backpackers are more at risk than those on business trips in nice hotels.
Your risk for travelers' diarrhea is in large part determined by where you travel to. There are certain groups of people, however that have a larger risk. These folks are:
Travelers' diarrhea after returning home tends to resolve itself quickly so you generally won’t need treatment. You want to remember to stay hydrated with liquids that are safe. Try to drink between 2-3 quarts daily. In the first 24 hours, stick to bottled fruit juices, hot tea and broth. You have to try to replenish what you lose in stools daily. After this, you can try bland foods such as soup, cereal, crackers, bread or eggs. If you are progressing well then return to normal foods on day three.
In some severe cases, you may need to take OTC medicine to find relief. Imodium and other antimotility agents can give relief and provide consistency to your stools. Many professionals urge you to only use these in emergencies, such as during airplane travel. This is because the decreased motility may make the disease worse.
Pepto-Bismol or Bismuth Subsalicylate also provides some relief. Use as directed by your physician or on the package. For some, antibiotics will be needed. Your doctor may prescribe any of the following:
One of the most important things you can do to protect yourself is to wash your hands and dry them thoroughly. Teach your children to do the same. This is especially important when:
Other prevention tips include:
Street vender juice
Ice cream unless from purified water
Shellfish and uncooked seafood
Raw and undercooked meat
Fruit with damaged skin or that’s been peeled
Food with uncooked eggs such as in mayonnaise and sauces
Milk that hasn’t been pasteurized
Safe drinks include water and fizzy drinks that are sealed such as coffee, alcohol, tea, and soda. You do want to avoid ice cubes even in alcohol and non-bottled water. Food needs to be cooked well and hot when served. Avoid buffets, street vendors and markets. Fresh bread tends to be safe, as does canned food and sealed food.
Use caution when swimming. Swimming in contaminated water can be a cause of travelers' diarrhea. Avoid swallowing water when swimming and teach children to do the same.