Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is characterized by inflammation of the nose from the inside due to an allergen, including dust, mold, pollen or animal dander. Allergic rhinitis produces symptoms similar to cold such as itchiness, sneezing and a runny or blocked nose. These symptoms begin soon after exposure to an allergen. Allergic rhinitis may be present in some people for a couple of months as they react to seasonal allergens including grass or tree pollen. However, in some persons it may be present all the year round. Allergic rhinitis may be present in around 10-30% of the total population globally. What is allergic rhinitis treatment?
Avoid Contact to Allergens
If you are able to avoid or decrease your contact with allergic rhinitis causing allergens, then the symptoms of allergy may be reduced and you can manage them either without any medicine or with less medicine.
Exposure While Outdoors
Exposure While Indoors
Home and Lifestyle Remedies for Allergic Rhinitis Treatment
Allergy cannot be cured by medicine; however, it can relieve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. You should see your physician if your allergy symptoms don’t improve after 2 weeks of taking medicine.
Antihistamines block the action of histamine, a chemical which is released by the body on exposure to an allergen, thereby, constituting an effective allergic rhinitis treatment.
Antihistamine tablets can be bought over-the-counter from a pharmacist; however, antihistamine nasal sprays require prescription.
Antihistamines can lead to symptoms of drowsiness. Hence, if you are ingesting these tablets for the first time, notice their reaction before operating heavy machines or driving. Drowsiness can result especially if you drink alcohol while ingesting antihistamines.
If you have persistent or frequent symptoms of allergic rhinitis and you have nasal polyps or nasal blockage, your physician may recommend nasal drops or spray containing corticosteroids.
Swelling and inflammation is reduced by corticosteroids. They require long time to work in comparison to antihistamines; however, their effects remain for longer duration. Corticosteroids may cause rare side effects, but may include dryness and irritation in the nose and nosebleeds.
In case your symptoms are severe and you require quick relief, your physician may prescribe a course of tablets of corticosteroids for 5-10 days.
If you show no response to original treatment, your physician may suggest add-on treatments.
If there is no response to add-on medical treatments, your physician may refer you to a specialist (allergist) for further treatment.
In children allergic rhinitis, particularly occurs before age 10. If you see that your kid has symptoms similar to cold at the same time every year, then they suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Children have similar symptoms as adults. Children may also develop allergic conjunctivitis which is characterized by bloodshot, watery eyes. Symptoms of asthma such as shortness of breath or wheezing may also occur in children.
You should visit your physician if you think that your kid has allergies as it is imperative to get correct diagnosis and treatment.
In case your kid has seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms, limit their allergen exposure by letting them stay indoors when pollen is high. You should wash their sheets and clothes frequently and regularly vacuum your house. Multiple treatments are present to help the symptoms of your kid’s allergic rhinitis. However, side effects may occur from some medicines. Therefore, always discuss with your physician before giving your kid any OTC medicine for allergy.