Fissured Tongue: Causes and Treatments


In most cases cracks in the tongue appear down the center with smaller cracks off the sides, but the appearance of a cracking tongue will vary based on the underlying cause. The cracks may also vary in depth or develop grooves. In general, a fissured tongue is not painful, but acidic, hot or spicy foods may irritate the tongue, causing it to burn or develop a pins and needles sensation.

Signs and Symptoms of Cracked Tongue

If you have fissured tongue you will notice cracks appearing on your tongue that might be accompanied by grooves, irritation, mouth sores or pain. The cracks should only appear on your tongue rather than on the cheeks or gums. These cracks may also vary in appearance. They may connect in a grooved pattern, separating the tongue into sections and can become as deep as 6 millimeters. Your tongue may become increasingly sensitive to spicy foods and burn when you consume these items. You may also find that food get stuck in these cracks, causing bad breath and increasing your risk of developing a bacterial or fungal infection in your mouth.

Around 2-5 percent of the population in the United States has fissured tongue. For some, cracks on the tongue will develop during childhood, but in most cases you will not develop cracks on the tongue until you are an adult. Most people discover they have a cracking tongue because their dentist notices this development during your regular checkups. These cracks will continually become more pronounced as you get older.

Causes of Cracked Tongue

Treatments for Cracked Tongue

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